Joule Biotechnologies claims its solar fuels—produced totally in the United States—will be price-competitive with fossil fuels and could meet the needs of the entire country. Look for biofuel announcements from all the major gasoline vendors by 2012. R.C.J.
Ethanol, diesel and the components of gasoline can be produced by genetically engineered microorganisms, according to Joule Biotechnologies, which aims to demonstrate commercial-grade biofuel production by year's end. Joule Biotechnologies claims it can re-create hydrocarbon fuels as easily as they can be refined from crude oil by genetically engineering microorganisms to create them. So far, they have tripled the output of biomass reactors with 6,000 gallons of ethanol (C2H6O) per acre per year. With engineering refinements, Joule expects to be generating 25,000 gallons per acre per year of ethanol and 15,000 gallons per acre per year of diesel—10 times the rate of both biomass-derived ethanol and oil-producing algae biofuels.
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