The hybrid concept for an electric aircraft makes sense because the gasoline engine can recharge the batteries while its cruising after the electric motors provide the thrust for takeoff: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog and EE Times
The Boeing sponsored glider was retrofit with a gasoline engine and electric motor running in hybrid mode.
True 3-D chips build layer upon layer in the fab rather than just stack die. These researchers through in low-temperature nanotube processing to sandwich two RRAM layers between to layers of logic, with more to come: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog and EE Times
3-D chips from Stanford connect four layers with standard vias, with the bottom being standard CMOS, the top carbon-nanotube logic transistors, and the middle two layers of resistive random access memory (RRAM).
Thin film superconductors could revolutionize computing with fast-as-light speed and ultra-cool operation, extending battery live of mobiles from days to weeks: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog and EE Times
Ultra-thin superconducting film of niobium and nitrogen shows individual atoms, a view that helped MIT discover a universal law of superconductivity.
Superconducting at up to 140 degrees Fahrenheit has been demonstrated at the U.S. National Accelerator Laboratory, but the catch to room temperature superconducing today is that it only lasts for pico-second pulses, but they hope to extend the time to DC: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog and EE Times.
Laser causes oxygen atoms (red) to vibrate between layers of copper (blue) oxide that are just two molecules thick in a common high-temperature superconducting material known as YBCO in a way that
likely indicates superconductivity.
A new material may offer a new avenue to room temperature superconductivity according to researchers at Brookhaven National Laboratory: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog and EE Times.
Brookhaven Lab team, led by Simon Billinge of Brookhaven and Columbia Engineering (seated), also (left to right) Columbia University graduate student Ben Frandsen, Weiguo Yin, Yimei Zhu, and Emil Bozin. Collaborators not shown include Hefei Hu, formerly of Brookhaven Lab and now at Intel; Yasumasa Nozaki and Hiroshi Kageyama of Kyoto University; and Yasutomo Uemura of Columbia University.
Colloidal quantum dots can be sprayed on nearly any surface to turn it into a solar cell according to an IBM backed laboratory in Candada and the University of Toronto: R. Colin Johnson @NetGenLog and EE Times
DeepDive is free and open-source software intelligence developed in the same DARPA program in which IBM participated while developing its Watson. Called DeepDive, the program has been made free and open-source which by its primary programmer, Christopher Re, at the University of Wisconsin.
DeepDive (grey) equalled or excelled the indexing tasks given a group of human experts.
In the illustration below you can see how artificial sentience is envisioned by Sentient--put thousands or even millions of CPUs to work using evolutionary learning on different segments of Big Data, then pick the best ones and repeat until sentience is achieved: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog and EE Times
One step beyond neural networks: Neural networks are good at learning to recognize particular patterns. The next step consists of evolutionary algorithms (EA), which use mutation to create pools of possible solutions on different servers, each of which ranks its pool of possible solutions. An evolutionary coordinator then compares the solutions and sends the best of the crop for validation against big data sets it has never seen.
The world's smallest 2 million pixel (1920 x 1080) DLP Pico chipset can be built into ultra-compact applications -- from near-eye displays (think Google Glass), to heads-up displays, to augmented reality, to virtual reality, to gaming, to all sorts of tiny-projector applications, from ones built into what TI calls "screenless TVs" to even some smartphones.
The world's smallest HD display uses Texas Instruments legendary digital light processor (DLP)
Steven Hawking was given two years to live in 1988, since then he has learned to use a computer to speak and spell, presenting his ideas in "A Brief History of Time" which as on the best seller list for over 4-1/2 years, making him the most famous physicist in history. Read the full story on EE Times to see how he does it.
Stephen Hawking at work on his new manscript that is supposed to yield a "Theory of Everything."
According to TSMC, the next big thing will be a process technologies that allows different materials, such as MEMS and CMOS to coexist on the same chip. With that capability the designers imagination can be unchained for mobile devices and Inerent of Things (IoT) capabilities not yet even imagined: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog
Eventually, smartphones and most the mobile devices will be made from carbon circuitry and carbon-fiber structural materials, unlike silicon and metal today. As a result they will be light as styrofoam, have weeks of battery life and be thin and flexible enough to fold or rollup before pocketing. Carbonics is getting the ball rolling by inventing carbon RF cells that extend the batter life of mobiles: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog
Microscopic view of the carbon nanotube RF transistor channel.
The world's fastest supercomputer will come back to the U.S. if the Department of Energy (DoE) has anything to do with it. DoE is building three new supercomputers for out national labs that together will exceed 5 petaflops: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog for EE Times.
Oak Ridge National Labs, Argonne National Labs and Lawrence Livermore National Labs will install three new supercomputers with a combined speed of 400 petaflops by 2017.
PNI Sensors has created a st of all-in-one sensor hubs that con.ne all the necessary sensors plus an intelligent hub for fusing in the same package: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog
All-in-one sensor hub including MEMS chips enables engineers to concentrate on applications. SENtral 13813 (left) ships with ST’s low-power 6-axis combo, plus ST’s pressure sensor and a geomagnetic sensor from AKM. SENtral 13807 (right) ships with Bosch Sensortec’s low-power 6-axis combo, plus Bosch Sensortec’s pressure sensor and geomagnetic sensor.
Lucio Lanza has been the driving force behind EDA innovations for over two decades. He is the most deserving recipient of this award. If you w9ll be at ICCAD 2014 you should try to attend the ceremony and dinner where many will speak about Lanza's accomplishments (click "ECA website" at the end of the story.) R. Colin Johnson @NetGenLog
Lucio Lanza will receive the Phil Kaufman award for excellence in EDA at ICCAD 2014
(Image: Sandra Henneman)
Registration for the 2014 Phil Kaufman Award Dinner at the EDAC website.
Using nanotubes a field emitters--like the electron-guns of cathode ray tubes of old--makes brighter flat panel displays that burn a fraction of the power required for LEDs: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog
Illuminated nanotube field emitter array stimulating phosphors of a planar light source device through a neutral density filter.
China is catching up to the developed countries of the world by leaps and bounds. Qualcomm tried to beat them and was beaten down itself by the Chinese government. Intel decided to join them, but risks loosing its intellect property (IP) to Chinese companies with impunity from their government. China's 5-Year Plan is working and the next one will be a whopper: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog
The 13th Five-Year Plan, starting in the Year of the Monkey (2016), will emphasize connectivity. The company aims to control more than 10% of the worldwide market by 2018.
Intel has been shipping FinFETS since 2011, but all the other semiconductor makers are still gearing up. IBM is closest and is dueling with Intel over which approach is best in the long run.: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog
Built on a fully depleted SOI technology base, IBM's 3D, FinFET architecture retains the advantages of SOI over bulk-based planar technologies, which IBM claims is a simpler manufacturing process, with isolation by structure, not doping, low-voltage operation, and lower power.
Taking piezoelectric materials into the second-dimention (atomically flat) should open the door to a whole new ranges of applications: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog
Postdoctoral fellow Wenzhuo Wu (left) and Professor Zhong Lin Wang (right) at Georgia Tech tested samples of an atomically thin material, molybdenum disulfide, which could is optically transparent, extremely light, bendable and stretchable.
IBM's new global headquarters for Watson and cognitive computing may become its most important asset in the long run. Computers modeled on the brain will eventually make even supercomputers seem like antiques: R.
Colin Johnson @EETimes
IBM CEO Ginni Rometty and Senior Vice President Mike Rhodin open IBM's new Watson Global Headquarters in New York City, which IBM claims is now the center-of-gravity for next-generation computing systems that learn.
Today medical implants require a second operation to remove, but these researchers have found a sway to command them to dissolve when they have finished doing their job--just like dissolvable stitches: R. Colin Johnson @EETimes
Implant that has been ordered to self-destruct dissolves in bodily fluids like dissolvable stitches.
The stars are the only stead-state fusion reactors in the universe, but researchers at University of Washington believe they have a new design that will make fusion reactors economical to build on Earth.
The University of Washington's current fusion experiment, HIT-SI3, is about one-tenth the size of the gigaWatt power-producing Dynomak that beats fossil fuels in energy efficiency.
Light emitting diodes (LEDs) hit a roadblock after making red and green, but eventually hard working scientists make a breakthrough resulting in LED TVs and more importantly white LED lighting.
The 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to three researchers, including Shuji Nakamura, professor of materials and electrical and computer engineering at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Nakamura is also co-director of the UCSB Solid State
Lighting & Energy Electronics Center.
MEMS sensors often make the difference between winning a contract and losing it for big systems companies like GE and Honeywell. Here analysts tell all about why big companies make their own: R. Colin Johnson
Wafer level packaging uses simplified construction to make thousands of infrared, vacuum-packaged sensors at the same time.
Staying ahead of Asia and Europe in photonics--and doing he manufacturing on U.S. soil--means making it a strategic goal for academic researchers, industry partners and the national security establishment: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog
Creating optical fibers and other photonic components on U.S. soil is crucial to national security.
Magnetic materials are mostly considered for next-generation memory devices, but these magnetic gates via for CMOS-compatible logic functions beyond the capabilities or normal silicon gates: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog
3D majority logic gates (left) show dimensions less than 200 nanometers (upper right) and a third input magnet (lower right).
Majority gate logic shows three inputs NOR and NAND gates with dark color representing 0 and light color representing a one (outputs to right)
The European Union is throwing $1.3 billion over 10-years at creating an electronic brain--they already have an Atlas of brain subsystems begun and 100 universities and corporations on-board building them: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog
Junction of four HICANNSs (High Input Count Analog Neural Networks) inside a reticle on a wafer containing many HICANN circuits.
Junction of four reticles on a post-processed HICANN (High Input Count Analog Neural Network) wafer within the BrainScaleS project and will be used as a neuromorphic physical model.
(Source: University of Heidelberg)
Junction of four reticles on a post-processed probe-card wafer used to verify the final post-processing method for power tests of the wafer module.
IBM and its collaborator AirLight believe they can beat the price of even the cheapest Chinese photovoltaic panels with a higher-tech disk based system that produces 12 kW of electricity and 20 kW of heat that can be used for HVC or desalinating water or both: R. Colin Johnson @ NextGenLog
This solar dish produced up to 20 KW thanks to a collaboration between Airlight Energy, which has perfected low-cost solar concentration to 2,000X, and IBM, which has perfected water-cooling chips down to 105 degrees that would otherwise be driven up to 1,500 degrees.
Piezoelectric MEMS microphones have already chalked up 70 dB signal-to-noise rations (SNRs) and are on their way to 80 dB, which is virtually unattainable by the conventional capacitive MEMS mics that everybody else makes: R. Colin Johnson @ NextGenLog
Instead of a traditional round diaphragm like capacitive microphones use (right) piezoelectric microphones use a square block of piezoelectric material (aluminum nitride, green) divided into four triangles (along the X from corner to corner) which stretch and contract--but never touch--thus creating an ultra low-noise signal picked up by the metal (yellow and gold) electrodes.
Here are my best guess at the next-generation of memory storage technologies except for MRAM, 3D NAND, RRAM and Spin-Transfer Torque RAM (STT-RAM), which were left out for various reasons: R. Colin Johnson
It takes 100 crazy ideas to come up with one good one--like the finFET. Likewise, of the 100s of crazy ideas engineers are trying today, some will keep Moore's Law alive indefinitely--or at least until we start using synthetic biological computers instead!)
An optical emitter can be easily added to a III-V chip to make on-chip communications between electronics travel at the speed of light.
A III-V ring oscillator in more precise, burns less power and uses fewer parts than silicon oscillator.
Intel announced its third generation Xeon E5-2600 v3 processors this week with up to 3X the performance and 18 cores per socket. Improvements in security and load tracking make the high-end processors attractive to cloud-service providers, but are also supplied in models for small businesses an workstations: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog
Intel's new Core M for 2-in-1 combo tablets/notebooks is aimed at revitalizing the x86, especially for aging PC laptop owners who are envious of the "wow" factor of tablets, but still need the file space and keyboard of a laptop: R. Colin Johnson @NextGenLog
Intel's 14 nanometer Core M processors are manufactured on 12 inch wafers.
The Core M is a dual-core processor with integrated graphics and all peripherals on a single SoC.
Cognitive computers—cognizers—aim to instill human-like intelligence into our smartphones, tablets and other electronic devices using microchips that emulate the human brain. Dubbed the “Future of Computing” by the NYTimes, one of the “Best Innovation Moments of 2011” by the Washington Post and one of “10 World Changing Ideas” in a Scientific American cover story “A Computer Chip that Thinks” this book reveals how neuroscience and computer science are merging in a new era of intelligent machines light-years beyond Apple's Siri, IBM's Watson.
Next-generation electronics and technology news stories published non-stop for 20+ years, R. Colin Johnson's unique perspective has prompted coverage of his articles in a diverse range of major media outlets--from the ultra-liberal National Public Radio (NPR) to the ultra-conservative Rush Limbaugh Show.