Now that Apple/Foxconn have agreed to use the Fair Labor Association (FLA) or monitor the manufacturing of the iPhone, iPod and iPad, the $360 billion global electronics contract manufacturing business is likely to follow suit, according to IHS iSuppli.
Here is what IHS iSuppli says will change about the electronics contract manufacturing industry: For the footwear and apparel industry, the moment of reckoning came in the 1990s, when companies including Nike faced damaging revelations over their use of sweatshop manufacturing—an event that led to the creation of the Fair Labor Association (FLA). For the electronics industry, the moment has arrived in the 2010s, as an FLA investigation has revealed serious workers’ issues at contract manufacturer Foxconn, famous for its relationship with Apple Inc.
The investigation underscores the serious risk to the public image of electronics brands lying in their $360 billion relationship with the global contract manufacturing industry. The result of the investigation is likely an increased focus on compliance—as well as rising costs for electronics brands, according to recent IHS iSuppli Contract Manufacturing Service analysis from information and analytics provider IHS (NYSE: IHS).
Foxconn is the world’s largest maker of electronic components, headquartered in Taiwan but operating a number of large manufacturing facilities in China.
The $360 billion question
For electronics brands, the implications of labor issues are massive, given their fundamental reliance on the outsourcing of production to contract manufacturers.
The global electronics manufacturing business, consisting of electronics manufacturing services (EMS) and original design manufacturing (ODM) firms, generated an astounding $359.8 billion in revenue in 2011. As brands have increasingly outsourced production, the contract manufacturing industry has undergone enormous growth in recent years, with revenue rising from $264.0 billion in 2006. While revenue is expected to dip in 2012, the industry continue its expansion trajectory in the coming years, with revenue expanding to $426.1 billion in 2015, as presented in the figure attached.
Contract manufacturing is now an essential part of the electronics industry, accounting for 20.2 percent of all manufacturing revenue in 2011.
The time is now
For electronics brands, the moment has arrived to ensure that the contract manufacturing partners of brands are in compliance with FLA rules. IHS expects more audits will take place that will uncover further issues. Brand original equipment manufacturers (OEM) will be forced to expand their operations that focus on supplier responsibility and compliance.
As contract manufacturers move to ensure compliance, contract manufacturers will expand their workforces and increase their pay scales in China, causing manufacturing costs to climb. Even so, given the small proportion of manufacturing costs compared to component expenses, this is unlikely to have a major impact on company margins or consumer prices.
Rising costs in China likely will spur contract manufacturers to seek alternative, lower-cost locations for manufacturing. But because of the already extensive established supply chains and infrastructure in the country, China will remain the manufacturing engine of the global electronics industry.